Safaris in Tanzania

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Introduction to Tanzania Safaris

Tanzania, located in East Africa, is renowned for its vast wilderness areas, diverse landscapes, and abundant wildlife. Safari experiences in Tanzania offer unparalleled opportunities to witness the iconic Big Five (lion, elephant, buffalo, leopard, and rhinoceros), along with countless other species in their natural habitats.

National Parks and Game Reserves

Tanzania boasts a range of national parks and game reserves, each offering unique ecosystems and wildlife experiences. Some of the most renowned include:

  • Serengeti National Park
  • Ngorongoro Conservation Area
  • Tarangire National Park
  • Selous Game Reserve
  • Ruaha National Park
  • Manyara National Park

Best Time to Visit

The best time for a Tanzania safari depends on your preferences and interests. However, the dry season (June to October) is generally recommended for optimal wildlife viewing, as animals gather around water sources, making them easier to spot. The Great Wildebeest Migration in the Serengeti occurs from December to July, offering a spectacular natural phenomenon to witness.

Safari Activities

Safari activities in Tanzania extend beyond game drives. Visitors can enjoy:

  • Hot air balloon safaris over the Serengeti
  • Walking safaris for a closer wildlife encounter
  • Cultural visits to Maasai villages
  • Birdwatching in the diverse habitats

Accommodation Options

Tanzania offers a range of accommodation options to suit every preference and budget:

  • Luxury lodges and tented camps for an indulgent safari experience
  • Mid-range lodges and tented camps offering comfort and value
  • Budget campsites for an authentic and affordable experience

Health and Safety

Before embarking on a Tanzania safari, ensure you:

  • Consult a healthcare professional for required vaccinations and medications
  • Obtain comprehensive travel insurance
  • Follow safety guidelines provided by your tour operator and park authorities
  • Respect wildlife and adhere to park regulations

Safari Planning and Booking

When planning your Tanzania safari:

  • Research reputable tour operators with experienced guides and sustainable practices
  • Consider your budget, travel dates, and preferred destinations
  • Book well in advance, especially during peak seasons
  • Communicate any dietary restrictions or special requirements to your tour operator

Wildlife Conservation Efforts

Tanzania is committed to wildlife conservation, with initiatives aimed at protecting endangered species and their habitats. Visitors can support conservation efforts by:

  • Choosing eco-friendly tour operators with a commitment to sustainability
  • Participating in responsible wildlife viewing practices
  • Contributing to conservation organizations and community projects

Packing Essentials

Pack wisely for your Tanzania safari by including:

Travel Document

  • Valid passport
  • Yellow fever vaccination certificate if you are coming from Yellow Fever endemic countries or if your flight transits through these countries for 12 hours
  • Tanzania visa, available at the airport upon arrival: USD $100 payable in cash only for US citizens or USD $50 for residents of UK/European Union and most other countries
  • Copy of flight itinerary
  • Personal medical/dental insurance cards
  • Credit card (Visa and MasterCard are most widely accepted)
  • Cash in U.S. Dollars (Bills MUST have been issued in 2006 or later)


Remember, it’s not a fashion show out there; you don't need to be smartly dressed on safari. The most important thing is to be comfortably and practically dressed. On safari, the colors green, khaki, brown, or grey are really useful, because white, red, and other bright colors attract some insects like tsetse flies. Some ladies may want to consider packing a sports bra as many of the roads are quite bumpy.

  • Open sandals or other comfortable shoes for hot weather
  • Warm clothes for high-altitude areas (e.g., Ngorongoro Crater in the morning)
  • Layered clothing for varying temperatures
  • Jacket/sweater for early morning and evening game drives (especially from February to May)
  • Lightweight waterproof jacket for walking tours and coffee tours
  • Jeans/safari trousers for evenings and cold days
  • Shorts or a light skirt
  • Long-sleeve shirts for sun and mosquito protection
  • T-shirts in khaki, green, beige, or neutral colors
  • Sunscreen, sunglasses, hat, insect repellent, moisturizer, and lip-salve

Highly Recommended Gadgets

  • Camera and memory cards
  • Binoculars (if you have them, as we provide one per group)
  • Hand sanitizer and wet wipes
  • Personal toiletries (soap, shampoo, toothbrush, eye drops, etc.)
  • Chargers and extra batteries for your camera, phone, etc.
  • Power adapter to fit the UK style electrical socket for use in safari jeeps and hotels

Extra Packing Guidelines

  • Bring soft luggage such as a duffel bag, hiking pack, or sports bag for easy packing into a safari vehicle
  • Bring a backpack to carry important items like travel documents, money, camera, medication, etc., and keep it with you at all times
  • Minimize luxury items like hair dryers/straighteners, expensive jewelry, makeup, and bulky toiletries
  • If bringing cash and bank cards, divide them into different areas of your carry-on luggage, wallet, and money belt for security
  • Leave space in your luggage for souvenirs; there are places to send packages home via DHL, though it can be expensive

Cultural Etiquette

Respect local customs and traditions while visiting Tanzania by:

  • Learning basic Swahili greetings and phrases
  • Dressing modestly, especially when visiting villages or religious sites
  • Seeking permission before photographing people or their property
  • Observing local customs, such as removing shoes before entering homes or mosques
  • Tipping guides, drivers, and staff according to local customs and service quality

Visa and Entry Requirements

Ensure you have the necessary documentation for entry into Tanzania, including:

  • A valid passport with at least six months' validity from the date of entry
  • A tourist visa, which can be obtained upon arrival at major airports and border crossings or in advance from Tanzanian embassies or consulates

Currency and Payment Methods

The official currency of Tanzania is the Tanzanian Shilling (TZS). While credit cards are widely accepted in major cities and tourist areas, it's advisable to carry/change cash for smaller purchases and tipping. ATMs are available in urban centers for currency exchange and withdrawals. But in Payment of Tour and Safari serices USD is used often,
So all Tour payments are made in USD.

Transportation Options

Transportation within Tanzania varies depending on your itinerary and budget:

  • Domestic flights provide quick access to remote destinations and game reserves.
  • Safari vehicles with experienced drivers are the primary mode of transportation for game drives and transfers between parks.
  • Public buses and minibusses offer affordable but less comfortable options for traveling between cities and towns.

Language and Communication

Swahili is the official language of Tanzania, with English widely spoken in tourist areas and by hospitality staff. Learning a few basic Swahili phrases can enhance your interaction with locals and enrich your safari experience.

Responsible Tourism Practices

Practice responsible tourism during your Tanzania safari by:

  • Minimizing your environmental impact by conserving water and energy
  • Supporting local communities through responsible shopping and cultural exchanges
  • Respecting wildlife and their habitats by adhering to park regulations and avoiding disruptive behavior
  • Promoting conservation awareness and sustainable practices among fellow travelers